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2016/10/20 ‰ü’ù

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“S|‘ωΕ¨
Iron & Steel refractories

”ԍ† “S|‘ωΕ¨ à–¾E‰ðà@@yHŽ–’†z
™



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ironmaking

iron makingF@»‘L,

ƒŒ´—¿ˆ—„
pellet plant

ƒƒR[ƒNƒX˜F„
coke ovenF@ƒR[ƒNƒX˜F,

coke oven chequers
flueF@‰Œ“¹C”M•—‘—ŠÇC‰Î˜H,

ƒ”M•—˜F„
blast furnace stoveF@”M•—˜F,
chequer

ƒ‚˜F„
blast furnaceF@‚˜F,
slagF@ƒXƒ‰ƒO,
BF outageF@‚˜F‹x•—C

ƒ‚˜F’’°„
tapholeF@o‘LEC
@taphole clayF@ƒ}ƒbƒhÞ,
@taphole face material
@drilling timeF@úEŽžŠÔCŠJŒûŽžŠÔ,
@pedestalF‚˜F˜F“à‚̃}ƒbƒh‰ò (‘äC‘äÀ‚̈Ó),

casting shopF@’’°C
cast house floor (CHF)F@‚˜F’’°C
trough /Ä×Ì/F@”ó,
@trough number 2
major troughF@Žå”ó,
skimmer,
trough drainF@Žc‘L”²‚«,
trough metal zoneF@”󃁃^ƒ‹ƒ‰ƒCƒ“C
metal lineF@ƒƒ^ƒ‹ƒ‰ƒCƒ“C
trough slag zoneF@”óƒXƒ‰ƒOƒ‰ƒCƒ“C
trough cappingF@”óã’[•”C
tilting spout/metal noseF@ŒX’”óC
trough coverF@”óƒJƒo[C
metal runnerCiron runnerF@—n‘L”óCƒƒ^ƒ‹”ó,
slag runnerF@ƒXƒ‰ƒO”ó,
upstream sectionF@ã—¬•”,
@front former areaF@ã—¬•”,
downstream sectionF@‰º—¬•”,
@back former areaF@‰º—¬•”,

trough castableF@”󗬍žÞ,
@capping materialF@”óã•”Þ,
@metal zone castableF@”󃁃^ƒ‹ƒ‰ƒCƒ“ÞC

breakoutF@˜R‘L,

@formworkF@”óŒ^˜gCŒ^˜gHŽ–,
@dryoutF@Š£‘‡,
@12-hour-dry-outF@12ŽžŠÔŠ£‘‡,

full veneerF@”ó•\–Ê‘S–ÊŽ{HC
trough veneer repairF@”ó•\–Ê•âCC
@adjustable veneer (AV) repairF@¬‹K–Í•\–Ê—¬ž•âCC
@¦veneer‚Ì–{—ˆ‚̈Ӗ¡‚́u‡”v‚̈Ӗ¡‚Å‚È‚­C•\–Ê”–”‚̈Ӗ¡B‘¹‚µ‚½•\‘w•”‚ð”󗬍žŽ{H‚·‚éBŒ^˜g‚̈Ӗ¡‚Å‚È‚¢B

trough gunningF@”󐁕t‚¯C
gun repairF@•t‚¯•âCC
@trough gunning materialF@”󐁕tÞC

ƒ¬‘LŽÔE—n‘L“灄
torpedo ladleF@¬‘LŽÔC
@torpedo neck
hot metal potChot metal ladleF@—n‘L“ç
iron ladleF@—n‘L“ç
@pouring spoutF@—n‘L“çŒûŒ³

desulphurisation lanceF@’E—°ƒ‰ƒ“ƒX
slag rake /Ú¨¸/F@ƒXƒ‰ƒO‘~‚«

ƒ‚»‚Ì‘¼„
@melterF@—n‰ð˜FC
@cupola /·­°Îß×/Ccupola furnaceF@ƒLƒ…[ƒ|ƒ‰C—n‘L˜FC
@@@(cupolaF ¬ŠÛ‰®ªC”¼‹…“VˆäCŠÛ‰®ª‚Ì’¸“ƒ)

ƒ»˜B zÎ‚©‚ç‹à‘®‚ðŽæ‚èo‚·„
@»˜BF@smeltingCmetallurgy^smelt
@»˜BŠF@smelting works
@»˜B˜FF@smelting furnace


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™



»|
steelmaking

steel makingCsteelmakingF@»|,

minimillF@steel mill using electric-arc furnaces only for steelmakingC

ƒ“]˜F„
BOS vesselF@“]˜F
BOFCBasic Oxygen FurnaceF@“]˜F
oxygen converterF@Ž_‘f“]˜F
throat areaF@˜FŒû•”C
cone areaCconeF@ŒXŽÎ•”C
trunionCtrunnionF@Ž¨Ž²C“]˜F‚ðŽx‚¦‚鍶‰E‚ÌŽ²C
knuckle
trunion areaF@ƒgƒ‰ƒjƒIƒ“ƒTƒCƒh•”Chigh wear trunnion area
cylindric areaCbarrelF@’¼“·•”C
metal bath areaF@|—•”C
scrap impact areaF@ƒXƒNƒ‰ƒbƒvÕŒ‚•”C
charging padF@“’“–‚½‚è•”(’·ŽÚ—ùŠ¢•”)C
bottom, floorF@˜F’êC
purging plugF@ƒKƒX‚«ƒmƒYƒ‹C
tap hole sleeveCtaphole shapeF@o|ŒûƒXƒŠ[ƒuC
vessel liningF@“]˜Fƒ‰ƒCƒjƒ“ƒO
BOS relineF@“]˜FŠª‚«‘Ö‚¦
vessel brickF@“]˜F—ùŠ¢
charge padF@“’“–‚½‚èƒpƒbƒh
safety liningF@‰i‹v’£‚èC
BOS gunning mixF@“]˜F•tÞ
dolomitic /ÄÞÛÏ诸/ gunning mixF@ƒhƒƒ}ƒCƒgŒn•tÞ
bake materialF@“]˜FÄ•tÞ
low steelmaiking throughputF@’áo|—ʁC

ƒ“d‹C˜F>„
electtic arc furnaceF@“d‹C˜F
roofF@˜FŠW
electrode ringF@“d‹ÉƒŠƒ“ƒO
hot and slag zoneF@Œƒ•”
hearthF@˜H°
metal zoneF@|—•”
charging doorF@‘•“üƒhƒA
tapping spoutClaunderF@o|”óC
EAF launderF@“d‹C˜Fo|”óC

ƒŽæ“灄
steel ladleCladleF@Žæ“灄
casting ladleF@’’ž“灄
slag zoneF@ƒXƒ‰ƒOƒ‰ƒCƒ“C
slag line brickF@ƒXƒ‰ƒOƒ‰ƒCƒ“—ùŠ¢C
metal bath zoneF@ƒƒ^ƒ‹ƒ][ƒ“C|—•”
barrel brickF@‘¤•Ç—ùŠ¢Cƒƒ^ƒ‹ƒ][ƒ“—ùŠ¢C|—•”—ùŠ¢
sidewall brickF@‘¤•Ç—ùŠ¢Cƒƒ^ƒ‹ƒ][ƒ“—ùŠ¢C|—•”—ùŠ¢
skinsF@‘¤•Ç•\–Ê‚ð•âC‚ÌŽž‚Í”‚¬Žæ‚邱‚Æ‚©‚瑤•Ç•”Cƒƒ^ƒ‹ƒ][ƒ“C|—•”
lip angleF@—ùŠ¢‰Ÿ‚³‚¦•”CƒtƒŠ[ƒ{[ƒh•”
ladle lipF@Žæ“çã•”C—ùŠ¢‰Ÿ‚³‚¦•”
wall safety liningF@‰i‹v’£‚èCƒp[ƒ}Cƒp[ƒ}ƒ‰ƒCƒjƒ“ƒO
ladle safety liningF@Žæ“ç‰i‹v’£‚èCƒp[ƒ}Cƒp[ƒ}ƒ‰ƒCƒjƒ“ƒO
saftey lining brickF@‰i‹v’£‚è—ùŠ¢

ƒŽæ“ç•~„
@bottomCsteel ladle floorF@Žæ“ç•~C
@floor repair materialF@•~•âCÞC
@ladle floor materialF@Žæ“ç•~ÞC

@impact areaF@“’“–‚è•”C
@target areaF@“’“–‚½‚è•”
@impact zoneF@“’“–‚è
@pre-cast impact padF@“’“–‚èƒuƒƒbƒNC
@pre-cast floorF@•~ƒvƒŒƒLƒƒƒXƒgƒuƒƒbƒNC
@impact padF@“’“–‚èƒuƒƒbƒN

@well blockF@Žó‚¯—ùŠ¢C

ƒ—¬—ʐ§Œä„
slide gatesCladle platesF@ƒXƒ‰ƒCƒhƒvƒŒ[ƒgC
ladle slide gate platesF@ƒXƒ‰ƒCƒhƒvƒŒ[ƒgC
upper nozzleF@ãƒmƒYƒ‹C
ladle upper nozzleF@Žæ“çãƒmƒYƒ‹C
lower nozzleF@‰ºƒmƒYƒ‹C
starting mixCnozzle sandF@Žæ“獻C‹l»C
gas purging plugF@ƒKƒX‚«ƒmƒYƒ‹
externally set bubbling elementF@ŠO‘wŽ®ƒKƒX‚«ƒmƒYƒ‹

ƒ—n|ˆ—„
steel treatmentF@—n|ˆ—
vacuum degasserF@’EƒKƒX
RH vacuum degasserF@RH ’EƒKƒXC
uppervesselF@ã•”‘…C
lower vesseF@‰º•”‘…C
snorkel /½É°¹Ù/F@ŠÂ—¬ŠÇCƒVƒ…ƒm[ƒPƒ‹C

ƒ¸˜B ‹à‘®‚©‚ç•sƒ•¨‚ðŽæ‚菜‚­„
@¸˜B ‚¹‚¢‚ê‚ñF@refining^refine
@¸˜BŠF@refineryC
@¸˜B˜FF@refining furnace
@ƒzƒ^ƒ‹ÎF@fluorspar /ÌÙµ½Êß/Cfluorine /ÌÛ°ØÝ/Cfluorite /Ì۰ײÄ/

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™
’’‘¢

ƒ˜A‘±’’‘¢„
continuous castinglF@˜A‘±’’‘¢C
casterF@˜A’’‹@C

mould powderC

low carbon steelF@’á’Y‘f|C
medium carbon steelF@’†’Y‘f|C


ƒƒ^ƒ“ƒfƒBƒbƒVƒ…„
tundishF@ƒ^ƒ“ƒfƒBƒbƒVƒ…
permanent lining
well block

tundish upper nozzleF@ƒ^ƒ“ƒfƒBƒbƒVƒ…ãƒmƒYƒ‹C
tundish nozzleF@ƒ^ƒ“ƒfƒBƒbƒVƒ…ƒmƒYƒ‹C
permanent lining
weir /³ª §/ wallCpartition wall ‰C‚¹‚«
tundish lidlF@ƒ^ƒ“ƒfƒBƒbƒVƒ…ŠWC

steel flow control refractoriesF@—¬—ʐ§Œä—p‘ωΕ¨C

ƒZ’ЃmƒYƒ‹„
SENF@Z’ЃmƒYƒ‹C
submerged entry nozzleF@Z’ЃmƒYƒ‹C
slag bandF@—n—ZƒpƒEƒ_[•”C
slaglineCslag lineF@—n—ZƒpƒEƒ_[•”C
slag line heightF@—n—ZƒpƒEƒ_[•”‚Ì’·‚³C
straight boreF@ƒXƒgƒŒ[ƒg“àŠÇC

breakoutF@˜R|,


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™
‰Á”M˜FˆÈ~
reheat furnaceF@‰Á”M˜F


[£Top]

H‹Æ˜F‘ωΕ¨

”ԍ† H‹Æ˜F‘ωΕ¨ à–¾E‰ðà@@yHŽ–’†z
™

ƒZƒƒ“ƒgH‹Æ

cement industry

cement kilnF@ƒZƒƒ“ƒgÄ¬ƒLƒ‹ƒ“

calcining zone
central burning zone
kiln outlet

(^_^)v
™

H‹Æ˜F

mineral sands
alumina calcining
lime
nickel
non ferrous industry
non ferrous metal
copper

lime kilnF@ÎŠDÄ¬˜F
kiln carF@‘äŽÔ
alumina calcination
alumina calcinerF@ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒi‰¼Ä˜F
calciner vessel

ferro nickel smelterF@ƒjƒbƒPƒ‹ŠÒŒ³˜F


coal fired power plant (CFPP)F@Î’Y‰Î—Í”­“dŠ
incinerator /²Ý¼ÆÚÀ°/F@(‚²‚Ý‚È‚Ç‚Ì)Ä‹p˜FC

(^_^)v

[£Top]

‘ωΕ¨Ž{H

”ԍ† ‘ωΕ¨Ž{H à–¾E‰ðà@@yHŽ–’†z
™



˜FC

ƒ˜FC„
@shutdown, shut-downCshut downF@˜F‚Ì‹xŽ~/‹xŽ~‚·‚éC
@@¦•âC‚ª•K—v‚ŘF‘Ì‚ðŽ~‚ß‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ushutdownv‚Æ‘€‹ÆŽ©‘Ì‚ð‚â‚ß‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚¤ushutdownv‚ª‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·B

@shutsF@@shutdowns
@July shutF@7ŒŽ‹xŽ~¨’èC
@come offlineF@˜F‚̐‚«Ž~‚ß

@after 2 years of service@@@@‰Ò“®2”NŒã‚É

ƒ˜FC‚Ì‘O“|‚µE‰„Šú„
@bring the installation forward into JulyF@‘O“|‚µ
@push back to 2019F@2019”N‚ɐ扄‚΂µC‰„Šú

ƒ‘€‹Æ’†Ž~„
@be permanently shutF@˜F‚ÌŠ®‘S‹xŽ~
@The next shutdown will be the last. F@Š®‘S‹xŽ~

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™
ƒ‰ƒCƒjƒ“ƒO

safety lining, permanent lining ‰i‹v’£‚è
anchors ƒAƒ“ƒJ[, studs ƒXƒ^ƒbƒh, insulation ’f”M

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™



•âCE‰ð‘́EŽ{H

ƒ˜FCì‹Æ„
@repairF@ •âCC
@in-situ repair materialF@”MŠÔ•âCÞ, @

@uptimeF@‰Ò“®ŽžŠÔC‰Ò“®ŠúŠÔCŽg—p‰Â”\ŽžŠÔCŽõ–½C
@@to optimise refractory performance and maximise uptime
@operable timeF@‰Ò“®ŽžŠÔC‰Ò“®ŠúŠÔC‘€‹ÆŽžŠÔC“®ì‰Â”\ŽžŠÔC
@down timeF@‹xŽ~ŽžŠÔCŒÌáŽžŠÔC“®ì•s”\ŽžŠÔC
@maintenance timeF@•ÛŽçŽžŠÔC®”õŽžŠÔC
@available timeF@Žg—p‰Â”\ŽžŠÔC

ƒ‰ð‘́„
@demolitionF@‰ð‘́CŽæ‚è‰ó‚µC
@demolishF@‰ð‘Ì‚·‚éC
@demolition companyF@‰ð‘̋ƎҁC
@dismantleF@ ‰ð‘Ì‚·‚éC•ª‰ð‚·‚éCŽæ‚è‰ó‚·C
@deconstructF@‰ð‘Ì‚·‚éC
@scope /ou/F@HŽ–”͈́C‰ð‘͈̔́C

ƒ•âC„
@repair shopF@•âCê
@platformCstandF@‘«ê

ƒŽ{HC—ùŠ¢Ž{H„
furnace relineF@’z˜FC
relineF@Šª‚«‘Ö‚¦C
@reliningF@Šª‚«‘Ö‚¦HŽ–C
installationF@Ž{HC
brickingF@—ùŠ¢Ž{HC
rebirckCre-brickF@—ùŠ¢Ž{HC—ùŠ¢Ï‚Ý‘Ö‚¦C—ùŠ¢Ï‚݁C—ùŠ¢Šª‚«‘Ö‚¦C

installerF@Ž{HŽÒCŽ{H‹ÆŽÒC
local installerF@Œ»’nŽ{H‹ÆŽÒC
applicatorF@Ž{H‘•’uC
equipment

day shiftF@’‹ŠÔŽ{H”Ç
night shiftF@–éŠÔŽ{H”Ç

confined space trainingF@ŒÀ’èˆæ—§“ü‚苳ˆç

ƒ•s’èŒ`Ž{H„
castF@’’ž‚ށC¦‰ß‹ŽŒ`C‰ß‹Ž•ªŽŒŒ`‚Ìcast
@recastF@Ä’’ž‚݁C¦‰ß‹ŽŒ`C‰ß‹Ž•ªŽŒŒ`‚Ìrecast
@castingC
@strip /½Ä©Ø¯Ìß/ castF@Û°ÀØ°·ÙÝ‚Ì“à‘¤‚ÌŽ{H‚ðC’·Žè•ûŒü‚É’Zûã‚É•s’èŒ`Ž{H‚µC‰ñ“]‚µ‚È‚ª‚班‚µ‚¸‚ÂŽ{H‚·‚é•û–@BC

veneer repairF@

mixerF@¬—û‹@C
@one tonne mixer
@conveyor
@paddle mixerC
@pan mixerC

Net quantity of dry material required for placement (kg/m3)F@‘ŐݗʁCŽ{H—ʁC

mixF@¬—û•¨C
free-rammedF@ƒ‰ƒ~ƒl[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“‚Ì‚È‚¢C
a little bit stiffF@‚·‚±‚µŒÅ‚ß
fresh water
contaminated water

panel moulds with internal measurements of 1000x1000x120mm refractory thickness
half cylinder panel moulds with an internal measurement of 500mm ID x 1000mm high x 80mm refractory thickness
test specimen moulds measuring 350x230x115mm

sieving screens with 12.5mm aperturesF@12.5mm‚Ì⿖ڂÌ⿁C
stainless steel fibreCSS fibreFƒXƒeƒ“ƒŒƒXƒtƒ@ƒCƒo[C
as per the installation procedureF@Ž{HŽè‡‚É‚µ‚½‚©‚Á‚āC
vibratorC
virator operator
setting timeF@d‰»ŽžŠÔC
@long setting time without binder
@binder coagulation
working timeF@‰ÂŽgŽžŠÔC
existing refractoriesF@Žc‘¶‘ωΕ¨CŒ’‘S‚ÅŽc‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‘ωΕ¨C

ƒ—{¶EŠ£‘‡„
curingF@—{¶C
curing temperatureF@—{¶‰·“xC
curing timeF@—{¶ŽžŠÔC
dry outCdry-outF@Š£‘‡Cdry out in calciner 2
refractory dry outF@Š£‘‡C
dry-out scheduleF@Š£‘‡ƒpƒ^[ƒ“C
heat up rateF@‰Á”M‘¬“xC
dry out inspectionF@Š£‘‡ŒãŒŸ¸C

ƒ•tì‹Æ„
refractory sprayingF@•t‚¯Ž{HC
gunningF@•t‚¯Ž{HC

shelf lifeF@Žg—pŠúŒÀ
nozzlemanF•tì‹ÆŽÒC
gun operatorC
nozzle
sprayF@•t‚¯‚éC
feedF@Þ—¿‘—‚èC
@feed wheel speedF@Ø‚èo‚µ‘¬“x(rpm)C
@with feed off
@with feed on

pressure at gun
pressure at nozzle

working faceF@•t–ʁC
panel
test panelF@ŽŽŒ±•ÐÌŽæ—pƒpƒlƒ‹C

water qualityF@•t‚¯‚ÉŽg—p‚·‚鐅‚̏ƒ“xC
set timeF@d‰»ŽžŠÔC
gunning trialF@•tŽŽŒ±C
reboundF@•tÞ‚Ì’µ‚Ë•Ô‚èC
@estimated rebond (% under ideal conditions on a vertical wall) 10
dustF@•t‚¯Žž‚Ì•²o”­¶C
trowel abilityF@•tŒã‚Ì‚±‚Ä“h‚萫C

surgeF@–¬“®‚·‚éC
@surgingF@–¬“®C
@@surging hand/foot on hose
snotF@‚½‚êC‚½‚ê‚é^•@…C
@snottingF@‚½‚êC
reedF@ƒŠ[ƒhC
orificeF@ŠÇ‚ÌŠJŒû•”, ŒŠ, ŒûC
@orifice sizeF@ŠÇŒaC

‹l‚Ü‚éF@be blockedC

ƒƒVƒ‡ƒbƒgƒNƒŠ[ƒg„
shotcrete
shotcreting
shotcrete installation
shotcrete pumpChose
use small circular motions progressing across the panel, building the material up.
All hoses are clear and not blocked.

ƒ‚±‚ÄŽ{H„
trowel /Ä©× ©/F@èW ‚±‚Ä
@trowellingF@‚±‚ÄŽ{H
@trowel hands ‚±‚ĂȂ炵

ƒ‚»‚Ì‘¼„
start/stop materialCtrimming
dense gunning ãk–§•t‚¯Ž{HC gunned insulation •t‚¯‚µ‚½’f”M‘wC
scaffold ‘«êCscaffolding /½Ì«°ÙÃÞ¨Ý/ ‘«ê
premisesF@‰®“àCŒš‰®“à

refrigerated containers at site dedicated for the material

drawingF»}C

(^-^)v

[£Top]

‘ωΕ¨

”ԍ† ‘ωΕ¨ à–¾E‰ðà@@yHŽ–’†z
™

‘ωΕ¨‚ÌŽí—Þ

ƒ‘ωΕ¨‚ÌŽí—ށ„
brick F@—ùŠ¢
refractory productF@‘ωΕ¨»•i,
light weight productF@Œy—ʍށC
insulating materialF@’f”MÞC
finished productF@»•iC
unshaped productF@•s’èŒ`Þ,
mixF@¬‡•¨C•s’èŒ`ÞC
flow materialF@—¬žÞC
monolithicsF@•s’èŒ`ÞC
patchF@ƒpƒbƒ`ÞC“\•tÞC


ƒ—ùŠ¢„
MgO-C brickF ƒ}ƒOƒJ[ƒ{ƒ“—ùŠ¢C
Mag-C brickF ƒ}ƒOƒJ[ƒ{ƒ“—ùŠ¢C
pyrophyllite brickF ‚낤Î—ùŠ¢C
high alumina brickF ‚ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒi—ùŠ¢C
alumino silicate brickF ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiƒVƒŠƒJC
alumina spinel brickF ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiƒXƒsƒlƒ‹—ùŠ¢C
AMC brickF ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒi-ƒ}ƒOƒlƒVƒA-ƒJ[ƒ{ƒ“—ùŠ¢C
fired spinel brickF Ä¬ƒXƒsƒlƒ‹—ùŠ¢C
paverF@•Ü‘•—ùŠ¢C

ƒŒ`ó„
@tongueF “Ê•”C
@grooveF ‰š•”C
@T&GF ‰š“Ê•”C

(^-^)v

ƒ•s’èŒ`‘ωΕ¨„
insulating monolithics
@lightweight insulating castable
@medium weight insulating castable

conventional monolithics
@general purpose gunning monolithic
@hight temperature castable

phosphate bonded materialF@ƒŠƒ“Ž_ƒ{ƒ“ƒhÞC
castableF@—¬žÞC
low cement castable (LCC)F@’áƒZƒƒ“ƒg—¬žÞC
cement free productsF@”ñƒZƒƒ“ƒgŒnÞ—¿C
alumina silica castableF@ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiƒVƒŠƒJŒnƒLƒƒƒXƒ^ƒuƒ‹C
alumina magnesia castableF@ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiƒ}ƒOƒlƒVƒAƒLƒƒƒXƒ^ƒuƒ‹C
@anti-slaking technologyF@ƒ}ƒOƒlƒVƒA‚̐…˜a–hŽ~‹ZpC
ultralow cement castable (ULCC)F@‹É’áƒZƒƒ“ƒg—¬žÞC
alumina based monolithicsF ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiŒn•s’èŒ`ÞC
non basic mixesF ”ñ‰–Šî«ÞC

ƒ•tÞ„
gunning materialF@•tÞC
caron bonded gunning materialF@ƒJ[ƒ{ƒ“ƒ{ƒ“ƒh•tÞC
basic gunnig mixesF ‰–Šî«•tÞC
for use through a standard nozzle mix gun

ƒˆ³“üÞ„
self flowCpumpableCgunning castablesCgrouting materialCgrout materialF@ˆ³“üÞC

ƒƒvƒ‰ƒXƒ`ƒbƒNÞ„
wet monoCmoldable refractoriesCplastic refractoriesF@ƒvƒ‰ƒXƒ`ƒbƒN‘ωΕ¨C


ƒƒvƒŒƒLƒƒƒXƒgƒuƒƒbƒN„
shaped materialCprecast blockCprecast shapeCcast shapeCprecast productF@ƒvƒŒƒLƒƒƒXƒgƒuƒƒbƒNC


ƒ’f”MÞC’f”M—ùŠ¢„
@IFB (Insulating Firebrick)
@@@B5
@@@LBK-20
@@@C2
@CF (Ceramic Fiber) RCF (Refractory Ceramic Fiber)
@@@Bulk
@@@Blanlet
@@@Felt
@@@Board
@@@@Silica-board (¶Ù¼³Ñ-¼Ø¶)@620Žª
@@@Paper
@@@Rope /ou/
@BSF (Bio Soluble Fiber)
@AF (Alumina Fiber)


ƒƒ‚ƒ‹ƒ^ƒ‹„
mortar /:/ /Ó°Àr/F@ƒ‚ƒ‹ƒ^ƒ‹

™

‘ωΕ¨ŠÖ˜A

ƒ«•ï„
bulk bag /ÎÞÙ¸ÊÞ¯¸Þ/ ƒtƒŒƒRƒ“ƒoƒbƒO

ƒ”z‡EŒ´Þ—¿E“Á«„
weigh hopperF@”‰—ʃzƒbƒp[C
one batchF@ƒoƒbƒ`C
specificationF@“Á«C
recipeCformulationF@”z‡C
raw materialsF@ Œ´—¿C
cementF@ƒZƒƒ“ƒgC
aggregatesF@œÞC
matrix grainsF@”÷•²C
additivesF@“Y‰Á•¨C
@acceleratorF@d‰»‘£iÜC
@retarderF@d‰»’x‰„ÜC
stainless steel fibresF@ƒƒCƒ„[C
toolings for pressF@Œ^C

@EŒoŽž•Ï‰»F@agingC
@EŽg—pŠúŒÀCÜ–¡ŠúŒÀF@shelf life


pumpabilityF@ˆ³‘—«C
flowabilityF@—¬“®«C
self-flowabilityF@Ž©ŒÈ—¬“®«CŽ©“®“WŠJ«C

ƒ‰Ò“®EŽõ–½E‘Ï—p„
serviceF@‰Ò“®CŽg—pC
in serviceF@‰Ò“®’†C
now in serviceF@Œ»Ý‰Ò“­’†C
still in serviceF@Œ»Ý‚à‰Ò“®’†C‚¢‚Ü‚¾‰Ò“­’†@©—Ç‚¢ˆÓ–¡‚ŁC
OOSCout of serviceF@‰^—pI—¹
take OOSF@‰^—pI—¹‚·‚é

FFPCfit for purposeF@‘€‹ÆðŒ‚É“K‡‚·‚éBŽg—pðŒ‚É“K‡‚·‚é
@It is not fit for purposeF@‘€‹ÆðŒ‚É“K‡‚µ‚È‚¢BŽg—pðŒ‚É“K‡‚µ‚È‚¢B

service lifeCrefractory lifeF@‘ωΕ¨Žõ–½C
longer service lifetimeF@‚Žõ–½C
tolerance limitF@‘Ï—pŒÀŠEC
performanceF@‘Ï—pC
performance in serviceF@‰Ò“®’†‚̐«”\C‘Ï—pC
issueF@‰Û‘èC–â‘èC
a slightly modified version of the productF@‚킸‚©‚ɉü—Ç‚µ‚½»•iC­‚µŽè’¼‚µ‚µ‚½»•iC

ƒ”FØŽŽŒ±EŒ»êŽŽŒ±EŽŽŒ±—§‰ï‚¢E‰ð‘Ì’²¸„
trialF@Œ»êŽŽŒ±C
@The initial trial of that materials was conducted.
@The trial started on schedule and continued as planned.
service trialF@Œ»êŽŽŒ±C
trial mixesF@ŽŽŒ±ÞC
trial materialsF@ŽŽŒ±ÞC
@Trial materials were in use for 25 casts.
service trialF@Œ»êŽŽŒ±C
trial as a priorityF@—Dæ‚µ‚½ŽŽŒ±C
second accreditation trialF@‘æ“ñŽŸ”FØŽŽŒ±C
final accrediation trialF@ÅI”FØŽŽŒ±C
final accrediation stageF@ÅI”FØŽŽŒ±C
monitor trialF@ŽŽŒ±ŠÏŽ@C
monitor service trial performanceF@ŽŽŒ±ŠÏŽ@C
track performance of the ladleF@Žæ“ç‚Å‚ÌŽg—pó‹µ‚ðŠÏŽ@‚·‚éC
attend trialF@ŽŽŒ±—§‰ï‚¢
supervise trialF@ŽŽŒ±—§‰ï‚¢
determine performanceF@«”\•]‰¿C“Á«•]‰¿C«”\”»’fC
fine tuningF@”÷’²®C

commenceF@ŠJŽnC
service trial reportF@Œ»êŽŽŒ±•ñC
resultF@Œ‹‰ÊC
post mortem /Ó° ÀÑ/ performance analysisCpost mortem analysisCpost morten studyF@ Žg—pŒã‰ð‘Ì’²¸,
autopsy /µ°ÄÌß¼/F@‰ð‘Ì’²¸CŒŸŽ€‰ð–UC

evaluationF@•]‰¿C

operator feedbackF@Œ»êì‹ÆŽÒ‚Ì•]‰¿CˆÓŒ©C

referenceF@ŽÀÑC‘¼ŽÐŽÀÑC

ƒŽg—pŽžŠÂ‹«„
service conditionF@Žg—pŠÂ‹«C
in non-reducing atomospheres
reducing/oxidising conditions

ƒŽ{HŽžŒ‡Š×„
green strengthF@—{¶‹­“xC
laminationF@Ï‘wC
delaminationF@‘wŠÔ”—£C
steam spallingF@”š—ôC

ƒ’²¸E•ñE‰ü‘PEŠJ”­„
investigationF@’²¸C
reportF@•ñC
trial reportF@Œ»êŽŽŒ±•ñ‘C
modificationCimprovementF@‰ü‘PC
developmentF@ŠJ”­C
commence implementation phaseF@“±“ü(’iŠK)ŠJŽnC

ƒ‘¹„
thermal shockF@”MÕŒ‚C
corrosionF@‰»Šw“I‘¹C—n‘¹C
erosionF@•¨—“I‘¹C–€–ՁC
@erosion and corrosion by metal and slag
oxidationF@Ž_‰»C
ingress /²Ý¸ÞÚ½/F@’n‹à“™‚̐N“üC

ƒ‚»‚Ì‘¼„
visual inspectionF@ŠOŠÏŒŸ¸(safetyChandling‚ÌŠÏ“_‚àŠÜ‚Þ)C
on sampling to dateF@Œ»Ý‚Ü‚Å‚ÌŒŸ¸‚ÌŒ‹‰ÊC
own house testF@ŽÐ“àŒŸ¸C
pricingF@’lŒˆ‚߁C
prices and gradesF@»•i•Ê‰¿ŠiC
deliveryF@”z‘—C
product rangeF@»•iŒQC»•i•i‘µ‚¦C

technical liaison meetingF@‹Zp˜A—‰ïC

™

‘ωΕ¨“Á«

ƒ“Á«„
strengthF@‹­“xC
chemical resistance characteristicsF@‰»Šw“I‘Ï—p«C
mechanical resistance characteristicsF@‹@ŠB“I‘Ï—p«C
thermal resistance characteristicsF@”M“I‘Ï—p«C
refractorinessF@‘ωΓxC

slag cup corrosion testingF@ƒ‹ƒcƒ{ŽŽŒ±C

high temperature strengthF@‚‰·‹­“xC
corrosion resistanceF@—n‘¹’ïR«C
erosion resistanceF@•¨—“I‘¹–ՁC–€–Õ’ïR«C
high densityF@‚–§“xC

ƒ“Á«•\„
chemical analysisF@‰»Šw•ªÍC‰»Šw¬•ª•ªÍC
@chemical analysis testF@‰»Šw•ªÍŽŽŒ±C
elementsF@¬•ªC
carbon contentsF@’Y‘f—Ê
open porosityF@ŠJ‹CE—¦
bulk densityCBDF@“–§“x
cold crushing strengthCCCSF@—âŠÔˆ³k‹­“x
refractoriness under loadF@‰×d““_

2 to 2.5 unitsF@’l‚ª2`2.5C”CˆÓ‚Ì’PˆÊ‚Å’l‚Ì‚Ý•\Œ»‚·‚é‚Æ‚«Žg—p

ƒ‚»‚Ì‘¼„
@E‚΂ç‚‚«F@varianceCvariationCfluctuationCdispersionCdeviationC

(^-^)v

[£Top]

”ԍ† ‘ωΕ¨»‘¢ à–¾E‰ðà@@yHŽ–’†z
™




¬—û

ƒƒ~ƒLƒT[„
mixerF ¬‡‹@C¬—û‹@Cƒ~ƒLƒT[C
@EOmini mixer
@EKoner mixerF@•²ƒ~ƒLƒT[
@ENauta mixer
@ESimpson mixer
@EHobart mixer
@Epaddle mixer
@EV-type mixer
@Econcrete mixer
@EVortex mixer

rollFƒ[ƒ‹ƒ~ƒLƒT[‚Ì’†‚̃[ƒ‹
wheelF‰ñ“]”Å
agitatorFƒAƒWƒe[ƒ^[ƒ~ƒLƒT[‚Ì’†‚̍¬‡Ší

ingredient /²Ý¸ÞØ°ÃÞ¨´ÝÄ/F¬‡•¨‚̐¬•ªCŒ´—¿CÞ—¿ C

dry mixtureF@¬‡C
wet mixtureF@¬—ûC

@E‰·“x‚͉½“x‚Å‚·‚©F@What is the temperature? @How many degrees is it?

™
—ùŠ¢»‘¢

ƒƒvƒŒƒX‹@„
tollingF@Œ^˜g

[£Top]

‘ωΕ¨Œ´—¿Ez•¨

”ԍ† ‘ωΕ¨Œ´—¿Ez•¨ —pŒê‚Ìà–¾E‰ðà@@yHŽ–’†z
™




Œ´—¿

agglomerateC
crystal
particle sizeC
median particle size diameterC
mono-modalC
multi-modal
purityC
morphologyC
chemical characteristicsC
physical caracteristics

raw material supplierF@Œ´—¿‹Ÿ‹‹Œ³C

as recieved

ƒ“d—Z•i»‘¢@Fused material processing„
@ERaw material loaded into furnaceF@@“d‹C˜F‚Ö‚ÌŒ´—¿“Š“üC
@EFusingF@@—n—ZC
@ECoolingF@@—â‹pC
@EUnloadingF@@”roC
@ESortingF@@Žd•ª‚¯C‘I’èC
@ECrushingF@@•²ÓC
@EMillingF@@–ÓC
@EPacking F@@«•ïC

(^-^)v
™




ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒi

alumina /±Ù°ÐÅ/ ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiCŽ_‰»ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒjƒEƒ€C(•¡) aluminasC

bauxite /ÎÞ°·»²Ä/C
aluminum
@hydroxideCoxideCaluminaC
refinery
Bayer processC
calcinationC
rotary kilnC
sinteringC
fusionC
dissolution/precipitationC flashing/pelletising
feed stockF@‹Ÿ‹‹Œ´—¿C‹Ÿ‹‹Þ—¿

non-metallurgical grade aluminaC
chemical grade aluminaC
metallurgical grade aluminaC
smelter grade aluminaC
hydrates to aluminasC
alumina hydratesF@…Ž_‰»ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒjƒEƒ€C
calcined aluminaF@‰¼ÄƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
calcined bauxite
ground calcined aluminaC
low soda aluminaF@’áƒAƒ‹ƒJƒŠƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
activated aluminaF@Šˆ«‰»ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
tabular aluminaCtab aluminaF@ƒ^ƒrƒ…ƒ‰ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiCÄŒ‹ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
white fused aluminaCWFAF@”’F—n—ZƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
brown fused aluminaCBFAF@ƒuƒ‰ƒEƒ“ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
bubble aluminaF@ƒoƒuƒ‹ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
zirconia-aluminaC
sintered aluminaF@ÄŒ‹ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
sintered bauxiteF@ÄŒ‹ƒ{[ƒLƒTƒCƒgC
calcined bauxite

milled aluminaF@•²ÓƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒiC
grit sizeF@—±“xC—±Œa C
sinterd aggregateCfused aggregate

aluminum hydroxideF@…Ž_‰»ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒjƒEƒ€ @aluminum tri hydroxideC
aluminum hydrateC
@aluminum trihydrateC
alumina hydrateC
@alumina trihydrateCATHC
@hydrate aluminaC
@hydrated aluminaC
@trihydrated aluminaC
trihydroxyaluminum

alumino-silicate

ƒAƒ‹ƒ~F@(•Ä) aluminum /±Ù°ÐÅÑ/C(‰p) aluminium
ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒTƒbƒVF@aluminum sash window frame
ƒAƒ‹ƒ~ƒzƒCƒ‹F@aluminum foil

(^_^)v
™
ƒOƒ‰ƒtƒ@ƒCƒg

graphite /¸Þ×̧²Ä/ /ae/F@•‰”C
high quality flake graphiteC
hexagonal atomic carbon sheet
hydrophobicF@‘a…«‚́C
Australian graphiteC
Canadian graphiteC
Indian graphite
high purity production
mineCminingC
open pit miningC
millingC
processingC
purifyingC
purificationC
screeningF@⿕ª‚¯ (˜A‘±ˆ—)CsievingF@⿕ª‚¯ (ƒoƒbƒ`ˆ—)
liberationF@•ª—£C—V—£C
concentration

(^_^)v
™
‚»‚Ì‘¼‚Ì
‘ωΕ¨Œ´—¿Ez•¨

silicon carbideCSiC
silica fumeCvolatilised silica
spinelC
chome ore
clayC
sea water magnesiaC
vermiculiteC
spheresCenvirospheresCcenospheresF@Ìײ±¯¼­C
kyaniteC
hydrated lime

pyrophyllite /ÊߨŲ̂ײÄ/ /ËߨŲ̂ײÄ/F@‚낤ÎC
andalusite /±ÝÀÞØ­°»²Ä/F@ƒAƒ“ƒ_ƒŠƒ…[ƒTƒCƒgC
chamotte /¼Ó¯Ä/F@ƒVƒƒƒ‚ƒbƒgC
fiver

high Al cement
colloidal silica

Mulcoa /ÏÙº±/F@ƒ€ƒ‹ƒRƒAC

magnesia /ϸÞÆ°¼¬/F@ƒ}ƒOƒlƒVƒAC
magnesite /ϸÞÈ»²Ä/F@ƒ}ƒOƒlƒTƒCƒgC
zircon /»Þ§°ºÝ/ /¼ÞÙºÝ/F@ƒWƒ‹ƒRƒ“C
zirconia /»Þº°Æ±/F@ƒWƒ‹ƒRƒjƒAC

zircon based silica fumeC

ƒzƒE»F@sodium borateCborax

Kerneos /¹È«½/C
Almatis /±°Ïè½/C
Alcoa /±Ùº±/C
Alcoa /±Ùº±/C
Doral /ÄÞÛ/C

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’Bl‚̉p‰ï˜bpE ‰ïŽÐ‰pŒê‹³ŽºE ‹Zp‰p‰ï˜b‹³ŽºE ƒ_ƒCƒrƒ“ƒO‰p‰ï˜bE ‡‹C“¹‰p‰ï˜bE “ï‰p’PŒê’ 

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